Background and Notes
The Southern Ocean, which surrounds the Antarctic continent, is one of the least altered marine ecosystems on Earth and holds a significant part of the biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ). It is home and feeding grounds to more than a quarter of the marine mammal species that roam the world’s oceans. Scientists believe that climate change and rising temperatures – which in this part of the world are occurring faster than elsewhere – are changing the balance of these ecosystems.
In 2020, IMMAs currently under review will also be announced for Australia-New Zealand and South East Indian Ocean. Later in 2020, an IMMA expert workshops will focus on the waters of the South East Tropical and Temperate Pacific Ocean. The above work is mainly supported by the Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative through the German Government’s International Climate Initiative (GOBI-IKI).
Besides the overall GOBI-IKI support, other long-time sponsors and facilitators of the IMMA work include Tethys Research Institute, Whale and Dolphin Conservation, MAVA Foundation, and the International Committee on Marine Mammal Protected Areas. Additional sponsors for the Extended Southern Ocean IMMA work came from Fondation Prince Albert II de Monaco, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) and OceanCare.
To read or download the final report of the Extended Southern Ocean region IMMAs, go here.